Brain injuries can have an impact on your life, affecting various aspects of physical and cognitive function. Recognizing the common symptoms of a brain injury is important for prompt diagnosis and effective management.
The symptoms experienced following a brain injury can vary widely from person to person. However, there are some common symptoms you may experience following the initial trauma to your head.
Every year in the U.S., 1 million people receive treatment in the emergency room for a brain injury, states the International Brain Injury Association, and many of these people experience physical symptoms. Persistent or severe headaches can be a red flag for a potential brain injury. These headaches may occur along with nausea and sensitivity to light or noise. Unexplained fatigue or a sudden decrease in energy levels may also indicate an underlying issue with the brain. You may find yourself easily exhausted, even with minimal physical or mental exertion.
After a brain injury, you may experience difficulties with short-term or long-term memory. Forgetfulness, difficulty concentrating and trouble recalling information are common cognitive challenges.
With a brain injury, you may also exhibit confusion about time, place or people. This can manifest as disorientation, forgetfulness about recent events or an inability to recognize familiar surroundings.
Emotional and behavioral symptoms
Brain injuries can impact emotional regulation, leading to mood swings. You may experience sudden bouts of irritability, sadness or frustration without an apparent cause.
Increased sensitivity to light, sound or touch may occur after a brain injury. This heightened sensitivity can exacerbate other symptoms and impact your daily life.
If you or someone you know experiences any of these signs after a potential head injury, consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management. Early detection and intervention can improve outcomes and help you as you move on toward recovery.